Gödel and God

The greatest mathematical discovery of the 20th century may be Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems. Kurt Gödel was an Austrian mathematician and philosopher who emigrated to U.S.  In 1931, Gödel published his two Theorems of Incompleteness. In layman’s terms, they can be greatly simplified to this: there are always more things that are true than you can prove.  More formally, Gödel's showed that finding a complete and consistent set of truths for a mathematical system is impossible.

To be clear, many mathematical theorems have been rigorously proven to be true; others proven to be false. For example, Pythagorean theorem is true, and the square root of two cannot be expressed as the ratio of two whole numbers. Some important mathematical theorems remain unproven (i.e. they have not yet been proven to be true). For instance, Goldbach Conjecture or Riemann hypothesis. For these unproven theorems, there is often enough evidence and examples where these theorems are true that mathematicians proceed as if these theorems were always true.

  Mathematicians once thought that every true theorem has a rigorous mathematical proof. Gödel’s discovery was ground-breaking because he showed that provability is a weaker notion than truth. When someone states that they do not believe in God, we should rejoice that we live in a time and place in history that people can believe whatever they want, and they express their beliefs without fear. But unbelief is a much lower foundation than proof.

If the rigorous logical discipline of mathematics accepts that not every truth can be proven, is it too much to consider that God call us to a faith that is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen (Hebrews 11:1)? It does not matter that we cannot “prove” that God exists. The important question is whether or not God has provided enough reasons in how His creation works, enough evidence in the unfolding of history, and enough blessings in our lives to trust and obey Him at all times and in all circumstances.

He Loved Big Brother (Jonah 1:1-5, 9)

Seminary was never in my grand plan for life; in fact, I really did not want to go into ministry at all. Throughout college, I had visions of grandeur (or actually self-delusion), convincing myself that I would one day be the next Hemingway, Vonnegut, Flaubert, blah blah blah… But even back then, I always had this faint feeling that I was running from something. I felt like I was running away from God Almighty Himself.

            If you were to ask me who my favorite character in the Bible is, the answer may baffle you: it is not Abraham, who by faith was willing to sacrifice his promised son, Isaac; it is not Paul, who wrote half of the New Testament; it is not even Jonathan, who had an amazing first name. No, my favorite character had a small book named after him and a whole Veggie Tales movie based on him: poor foolish Jonah.

            What makes Jonah so special to me? Look at his track record: God gives him one job: “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it, for their evil has come up before me” (Jonah 1:2, ESV). All you had to do, Jonah, is do your job as a prophet: get up and tell God’s message. And we see him do the first command, because Jonah does get up, but instead he “rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the Lord” (Jonah 1:3). And because Jonah tries to escape God’s presence, all we see is him going down, and down, and down, and down. When you try to escape from God, your life only becomes a downward spiral of failure.

            Even though Jonah thinks he can escape God’s presence, the Lord is right there with him. You will not (because you cannot) escape the presence of the Lord. You can run from your calling to ministry like I tried, or run from the church itself, or run from all of Christianity, but you will never escape the Hound of Heaven that is relentlessly pursuing His children. King David even wrote a poem about this:

Where shall I go from your Spirit?
  Or where shall I flee from your presence?

If I ascend to heaven, you are there!
    If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there!
If I take the wings of the morning
    And dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea,
Even there your hand shall lead me,
    And your right hand shall hold me (Psalm 139:7-10). 

Just like the Police song “Every Move You Make” (a song about a stalker!), God is right there watching you.

            And that’s the best news you could ever hear.

            Look at the Gospel of Matthew: “And when he [Jesus] got into the boat, his disciples followed him. And behold, there arose a great storm on the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but he was asleep. And they went and woke him, saying, ‘Save us, Lord; we are perishing.’ And he said to them, ‘Why are you afraid, O you of little faith?’ Then he rose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm. And the men marveled, saying, ‘What sort of man is this, that even winds and sea obey him?’” (Matthew 8:23-27).

Jonah failed miserably with his mission; he forgot Christianity 101, and with the great storm wailing around him, all he wanted to do was go down into the boat to die (Jonah 1:5). While Jonah slept resigned to death, Jesus slept in perfect control of the storm (Matthew 8:24). In fact, the answer to the disciple’s question in 8:27 is found in Jonah’s response thousands of years earlier: “I fear the Lord, the God of heaven, who made the sea and the dry land” (Jonah 1:9).

You may think that you’re better off without religion, God, the Bible, or whatever makes you feel great. But all us, religious or irreligious, believer or non-believer, have more than Big Brother watching; we have the Lord God, whose presence is inescapable. But instead of a stalker who just wants to ruin your day, God is the one who controls the universe. The God that commanded the sea to be still is the same God who died so that we might live.

For the final words of Orwell’s 1984, Winston Smith finally gives into the brainwashing of the omniscience and all-powerful Big Brother, and all that Orwell can tragically say is “He loved Big Brother.” Thankfully, God is watching all of us, but instead of that fact causing dread, it should be the source of all lasting peace, hope, and comfort. Jonah is my favorite Bible character because he reminds me of myself, and this story reminds me that there is hope for flaky people.

Dirty Laundry (Psalm 51)

Dirty Laundry (Psalm 51)

            Cleanliness is truly next to godliness. If you have ever taken a creative writing class, you know I have completely failed the first day’s lesson: avoid overused sayings like the plague (Trite) because the road to hell is paved with them (Trite). Yet that first sentence captures a fascination for people. We like to be clean.

God Is Bigger Than Our Boogeyman (Matthew 8:29-25)

God Is Bigger Than Our Boogeyman (Matthew 8:29-25)

We are a culture that is captivated by creepy. If you look for only a few minutes at  Hollywood movies (IT, A Quiet Place, The Conjuring), you probably can see this for yourselves. If you’re my age, you may enjoy reading Creepypasta to pass your time. And this isn’t a passing fad; just look at Edgar Allen Poe or H.P. Lovecraft. There is something in us that likes being scared, creeped out, or uncomfortable. What’s interesting is that horror stories did not begin with American culture; it didn’t even begin with any of our modern sense. Even all the way back in the Bible, we see the same fears, same thrills, same “creepypastas” that our popular culture plagues today.

“If we should deal out justice only in this world, who would stand?”

 “If we should deal out justice only in this world, who would stand?”

I don’t get to read much while in seminary. I should rephrase that; I don’t get to read much outside of what my professors tell me to read. For those that know me, that fact truly hurts me deep within my soul. However, in the time driving back and forth from Delaware and Chadds Ford, I’ve made time not to read but to listen to audiobooks. One book I’m going through is Mark Twain’s autobiography. And in this book, there is a moment where Mark Twain complains about Twain’s editor for a different book. During this monologue, Twain casually comments, “If we should deal out justice only in this world, who would stand?” But even within that thought is so much truth; we cannot survive in a world of only justice.


HOPE IN THE LORD … even when you don’t understand

HOPE IN THE LORD … even when you don’t understand

   Throughout history, God’s people have faced injustice, suffering, disease, pain, loss, poverty, threats, and loneliness. Job lost everything, and his friends blamed him. Joseph was sold into slavery and was imprisoned. David was chosen to be Israel’s king, but Saul sent an army to kill him. Daniel was taken captive and sent to a foreign land, and when he was caught praying he was thrown to the lions. Mary lived a godly life, but her family abandoned her when she became pregnant. Our trials and struggles may not rise to these levels, but we all face times when we just don’t understand what God is doing and why He allows evil and wicked men to threaten and harm us and those we love.